Hard work and talent, which one is more important?
 
  01
 
  In the 1990s, two college professors at Stanford conducted a psychological experiment for students in the fifth grade of the United States.
 
  Students are divided into two groups, A and B. When they complete a task, the researchers take two incentives for them. Group A is "You are really smart" and Group B is "You really work hard."
 
  The experiment found that if you have been praised by "you are really smart," students will avoid their unacceptable tasks, pay too much attention to their rankings, and ignore specific skills. Researchers speculate that they are trying to stay smart and avoid the risk of ugliness.
 
  If you have been praised for "you really work hard", students will be more inclined to choose challenging tasks and refer to other people's methods and techniques. In their view, failure is because they are not working hard and increase their efforts. It is a good choice.
 
  In the experimental report, the researchers wrote: "When we praise children, we are telling them that in order to stay smart, don't take the risk of making mistakes."
 
  A child does a good job. You praise him for his hard work, or tell him that success is because his external efforts combine his own wisdom. He will think, "Well, I have a good idea. I will work so hard next time. If you praise him smartly, he will feel "living, my success is the internal reason, I will succeed if I don't work hard, I don't mean, who makes me a genius?"
 
  In the long run, if a child who is boasted of "effort" fails one day, he will feel that he is not working hard enough, and the next effort will be fine. The child who is boasted "smart" will fail and will give up on himself because the "smart" talent is invalid. However, others are "smarter than themselves" and may not be able to recover.
 
  02
 
  In daily life, two people emphasize the role of effort and underestimate the importance of talent.
 
  A person who graduated from Tsinghua University has long been mixed with alumni. What he can see is that more talented people will have greater achievements, and laziness will only open the gap between people. Therefore, his sense of effort is more important than talent.
 
  A person who enters the national team of table tennis is not a top player, but his table tennis talent is enough to crush most people who have not been selected. However, when he sums up his achievements in sports, he will emphasize that he does not rely on talent for hard work.
 
  Highly talented people emphasize that hard work is more important. It is the conclusion of the comparison of high IQ small circles. The average person does not believe it. The talented people emphasize that efforts can change their destiny and make efforts. We should respect them. God is not good, but we are determined not to work hard. People are destined to have a life without doing anything.
 
  It is worth noting that China has a history of imperial examinations for thousands of years, which has gradually made the society familiar with the favorable direction of personal development. I think this kind of cultural atmosphere that emphasizes hard work and diligence is a simple experience summary.
 
  Emphasizing the importance of hard work will reduce the anxiety of academic losers and blame the reasons for their failure on temporary greed. As long as they are self-motivated, they will have a chance to succeed.
 
  In a culture that emphasizes hard work, people can accept failure more calmly, prefer to challenge themselves, and pay more attention to ways of doing things.
 
  03
 
  Efforts seem to be simple, work for more than ten hours a day. In fact, it is very difficult, because day-to-day work requires at least the cooperation of patience and perseverance.
 
  Anyone who has achieved success must undergo long training and work. After sweating, there may be achievements. This is generally the same.
 
  In my high school, class of seats is based on learning achievement dispatched, he sat in the back of a few people, always look down on those good grades. They always say that XX is only stupid, and if I am serious, I can learn well.
 
  In their view, talent is very important, and efforts can be hand-picked, but they dare not try, because they may work hard and make a difference, and even more face.
 
  My cousin was always praised by the teacher. When I was young, I also felt that his ability to dismantle the toy was very strong, and the IQ was high. From elementary school to high school, all the teachers have said that he is smart, and he can work harder with the first place.
 
  As a result, he has always felt that he can maintain good grades without such hard work, but he has never won the first place. When he meets some major exams, he will panic, but he will pretend not to care in front of his classmates. He will go back home and read the book back.
 
  He didn't dare to let others know that he was working hard, because he wanted to maintain an image in front of teachers and classmates. Even if he didn't work hard, his grades would be good.
 
  This kind of mentality, along with his student life, will never be 100% hard and diligent, and never want to get it.
 
  04
 
  According to the current study, children with IQ above 140 account for about 1% of the total population. Most children actually belong to the 99% normal level, and the level of intelligence does not determine the size of a person's achievement, whether life is happy. .
 
  Praising a child's intelligence will make the child proud of his natural superiority, but it only creates a false confidence . The vast majority of problems faced by children are not enough to be smart. When this natural advantage becomes less obvious, the child feels that he is not smart enough. This self-confidence from "smart" is also destroyed.
 
  The child mentioned in "Injury Zhongyong" was extremely intelligent when he was a child. Everyone praised it. Even when he went to perform everywhere, he grew up and was "stunned to everyone."
 
  However, I still have to say but. If you are not so smart, or even a little inferior, it is necessary to praise them smart, because they need to build confidence and need to be recognized.
 
  Teaching students in accordance with their aptitude is an important principle of education.
 
  There are no children in the world who are not able to make a difference. Only parents who use the wrong method. May every child be the kind of adult they want to be.